Sexual and Reproductive Health

Good sexual and reproductive health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being in all matters relating to the reproductive system. It implies that people are able to have a satisfying and safe sex life, the capability to reproduce, and the freedom to decide if, when, and how often to do so.

In the Philippines, there are 9.7 million girls aged 10 to 19, and by age 19, 1 in 5 girls are - or will soon be - mothers.

Good sexual and reproductive health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being in all matters relating to the reproductive system. It implies that people are able to have a satisfying and safe sex life, the capability to reproduce, and the freedom to decide if, when, and how often to do so.

In the Philippines, there are 9.7 million girls aged 10 to 19, and by age 19, 1 in 5 girls are - or will soon be - mothers.

Complications from pregnancy and childbirth are one of the leading causes of death for adolescent girls, and unintended pregnancy also brings other serious health risks as well as limiting girls’ ability to fulfill their potential by forcing them to leave school or forfeit good job opportunities. This also leaves them more vulnerable to falling into poverty and exclusion.

Recent estimates indicate that around P33 billion is lost each year through teenage pregnancy. That’s almost 1% of the Philippines’ GDP (2012).

And adolescent pregnancies are on the rise. In 1993, 6.5 per cent of adolescent women aged 15-19 have begun childbearing. By 2013, the percentage had reached 10.1.

UNFPA works with the government, civil society organizations and youth networks to address the challenges faced by young people, particularly adolescent girls, by supporting efforts to provide youth-appropriate sexual and reproductive health services and information available to everyone, and by helping develop a sound policy and legal framework to boost sexual and reproductive health and rights.

Comprehensive Sexuality Education, available for all young people, is key to ensuring sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights. UNFPA works with the Department of Education and the U4U initiative – an interactive panel through the Commission on Population and other partners. To date, UNFPA has reached 7.5 million young Filipinos with correct information on adolescent sexual and reproductive health. UNFPA also supports evidenced-based studies as bases of policies and plans of the government and other stakeholders.